Hammer toes


A hammer toe is also sometimes referred to as a claw toe or mallet toe. It involves a deformity of the toe where there is an imbalance in the pull of the tendons. Either the tendon on top of the toe pulls harder or the tendon on the bottom of the toe pulls harder. This results in a curling up of the toe.

Shoes with a shallow toe box will will cause rubbing on the top of  hammer toe causing a corn.  The hammer toe deformity will tend to push down on the metatarsal head causing internal  pressure.  This will result in the skin on the bottom of the foot getting sandwiched between the bone and ground/shoe causing a callus formation.

Treatment for hammer toes included:

  1. Shoes with deep toe box will reduce the pressure on the top of the hammer toe. 

  2. If the hammer toes are not fixed in their crooked position, there are exercises to strengthen the small muscles of the foot that help to keep the toes straight.

  3. Fabrication of  a silicone toe crest that stabiles the lesser toes during the heel lift phase of gait

  4. Surgery can be performed to straighten the toe.

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